Cluster Analysis and Unsupervised Machine Learning in Python

Data science techniques for pattern recognition, data mining, k-means clustering, and hierarchical clustering, and KDE.

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Created By admin admin Last Updated Mon, 18-Mar-2024 English
RS 1199
What Will I Learn?
  • Understand the regular K-Means algorithm
  • Understand the soft or fuzzy K-Means Clustering algorithm
  • Understand Hierarchical Clustering
  • Apply Scipy's Hierarchical Clustering library to data
  • Understand the different distance metrics used in clustering
  • Understand the Gaussian mixture model and how to use it for density estimation
  • Explain when GMM is equivalent to K-Means Clustering
  • Understand how GMM overcomes some disadvantages of K-Means
  • Understand and enumerate the disadvantages of K-Means Clustering
  • Implement Soft K-Means Clustering in Code
  • Explain algorithmically how Hierarchical Agglomerative Clustering works
  • Understand how to read a dendrogram
  • Understand the difference between single linkage, complete linkage, Ward linkage, and UPGMA
  • Write a GMM in Python code
  • Explain the expectation-maximization algorithm
  • Understand the Singular Covariance problem and how to fix it

Curriculum For This Course
4 Sections 11 Lessons 02:29:50 Hours
Course Content
1 Lessons 00:17:48 Hours
  • An Easy Introduction to K-Means Clustering 00:07:25
  • Hard K-Means: Exercise Prompt 1 00:08:55
  • Visual Walkthrough of Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering 00:05:35
  • Agglomerative Clustering Options 00:05:35
  • Using Hierarchical Clustering in Python and Interpreting the Dendrogram 00:15:05
  • Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) Algorithm 00:18:36
  • Write a Gaussian Mixture Model in Python Code 00:18:36
  • Practical Issues with GMM / Singular Covariance 00:07:47
  • Comparison between GMM and K-Means 00:18:36
  • Kernel Density Estimation 00:25:52
  • Know how to code in Python and Numpy
  • Install Numpy and Scipy
  • Matrix arithmetic, probability
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Cluster analysis is a staple of unsupervised machine learning and data science.

It is very useful for data mining and big data because it automatically finds patterns in the data, without the need for labels, unlike supervised machine learning.

In a real-world environment, you can imagine that a robot or an artificial intelligence won’t always have access to the optimal answer, or maybe there isn’t an optimal correct answer. You’d want that robot to be able to explore the world on its own, and learn things just by looking for patterns.

Do you ever wonder how we get the data that we use in our supervised machine learning algorithms?

We always seem to have a nice CSV or a table, complete with Xs and corresponding Ys.

If you haven’t been involved in acquiring data yourself, you might not have thought about this, but someone has to make this data!

Those “Y”s have to come from somewhere, and a lot of the time that involves manual labor.

Sometimes, you don’t have access to this kind of information or it is infeasible or costly to acquire.

But you still want to have some idea of the structure of the data. If you're doing data analytics automating pattern recognition in your data would be invaluable.

This is where unsupervised machine learning comes into play.

In this course we are first going to talk about clustering. This is where instead of training on labels, we try to create our own labels! We’ll do this by grouping together data that looks alike.

There are 2 methods of clustering we’ll talk about: k-means clustering and hierarchical clustering.

Next, because in machine learning we like to talk about probability distributions, we’ll go into Gaussian mixture models and kernel density estimation, where we talk about how to "learn" the probability distribution of a set of data.

One interesting fact is that under certain conditions, Gaussian mixture models and k-means clustering are exactly the same! We’ll prove how this is the case.

All the algorithms we’ll talk about in this course are staples in machine learning and data science, so if you want to know how to automatically find patterns in your data with data mining and pattern extraction, without needing someone to put in manual work to label that data, then this course is for you.

All the materials for this course are FREE. You can download and install Python, Numpy, and Scipy with simple commands on Windows, Linux, or Mac.

This course focuses on "how to build and understand", not just "how to use". Anyone can learn to use an API in 15 minutes after reading some documentation. It's not about "remembering facts", it's about "seeing for yourself" via experimentation. It will teach you how to visualize what's happening in the model internally. If you want more than just a superficial look at machine learning models, this course is for you.

"If you can't implement it, you don't understand it"

  • Or as the great physicist Richard Feynman said: "What I cannot create, I do not understand".

  • My courses are the ONLY courses where you will learn how to implement machine learning algorithms from scratch

  • Other courses will teach you how to plug in your data into a library, but do you really need help with 3 lines of code?

  • After doing the same thing with 10 datasets, you realize you didn't learn 10 things. You learned 1 thing, and just repeated the same 3 lines of code 10 times...

Suggested Prerequisites:

  • matrix addition, multiplication

  • probability

  • Python coding: if/else, loops, lists, dicts, sets

  • Numpy coding: matrix and vector operations, loading a CSV file


  • Check out the lecture "Machine Learning and AI Prerequisite Roadmap" (available in the FAQ of any of my courses, including the free Numpy course)

About The Author

  • 1 Reviews
  • 51 Courses
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Hello, my name is Victor Kercado. I'm a successful podcaster and life coach in the area of personal growth. I've been fortunate to help many people improve their lives thru mindfulness, communication, and spirituality. I look forward to sharing my knowledge with you thru courses that will inspire and motivate you to improve in all areas of your life. Thank you for listening!


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RS 1199
The course includes
  • 02:29:50 Hours On Demand Videos
  • 11 Lessons
  • 30 Days Access
  • Access On Mobile And Tv

Cluster Analysis and Unsupervised Machine Learning in Python

Beginner 0(0 Ratings) 0 Students Enrolled
RS 1199